How to choose a Bouldering Pad

By Hati Whiteley

We've been making bouldering mats for over 10 years and have answered a lot of questions in that time. Here's some simple advice for buying your first bouldering mat.

If you've climbed indoors you will be familiar with crash pads. Whether you have face planted one or just spilt your coffee on one, you'll appreciate these thick foam mats make bouldering much safer. Outdoors things get more exciting: you're responsible for your own protection, and this is where bouldering mats come in.

A bouldering mat is a portable, reusable and durable foam mat that you can place underneath your climb to reduce the risk of spraining your ankle (or worse) if you fall off.

What To Consider When Buying a Bouldering Mat


Bouldering pads have a tough life. They get dragged through the mud, stacked up against abrasive rocks and take a pounding every time you fall. They need to be made of hardwearing materials like 1000D Cordura and stitched together with reinforced or bartacked seams that are not going to blow apart when you land.

Foam quality

Foam is what keeps you safe, but not all foam is the same. Don't scrimp on safety, look for durable cross-linked foam - it spreads the force of your impact more effectively and lasts longer. A bit more on this further down.

That's simple right? If you purchase a pad based around that advice, you'll be a long way towards having the best bouldering pad you can. If you have more time buckle down because I'm going to take you through some other considerations:

  • Types of crash pad

  • Foam - what to look for

  • Taco versus hinge fold

  • Carrying your pad to the crag

  • Extra features

  • Custom bouldering pads

Types of bouldering pad

Boulderers will commonly refer to 3 types of crash pads. Each plays a specific role in protecting you when you fall.

Satellite Pads (also known as sit start and slider pads)

These are small crash pads that are used to cover the gaps where two pads meet, protect your fall on a sit-start, protect low traverses or cover outlying roots and rocks. They're usually slim and portable and are used alongside a bigger bouldering mat.

Check out the Sputnik or Waffa if you're after this kind of bouldering mat.

Alpkiteer Anna Wells making use of a sit start pad alongside a full pad for the sit start (the pads are the Waffa and Mujo)

Full pads (also known as main and mid-sized pads)

The crash pad most people buy. There's some size variation in this category, but one full pad should be enough to keep you protected from a mid-level fall. They fold in half so that they can be easily carried and fit into most car boots. High mileage boulderers often have two of these.

Check out the Phud if you boulder infrequently or the Mujo or Origin if you are out most weekends.

Oversized Pads (also known as fat pads)

These crash pads tend to be for protecting you on highball problems, the biggest, baddest climbs around. They're big big mats and excellent at supporting and cushioning your fall. Weighing in around 9/10 kg they require a good carrying system and will fill your car boot (or your entire car if it's a Kia Picanto).

Check out the Project if you have a head for highballing.

Technote: Foam in more depth

Don't be fooled by soft mats. Sure they feel nice to lie on, but they'll give you little protection for even the smallest falls. Most pads are made of 2 - 3 layers of foam. The top layer is usually closed cell foam (feels harder and spreads the impact of your fall) and underneath this is open cell foam (softens and cushions your fall). In 3 layer pads, there's another layer of closed cell foam at the bottom to protect you on higher falls. 2 layers of good foam is fine for most scenarios, but I'd recommend 3 layers for highballing.

Generally speaking, the heavier the pad, the more durable it is and the longer it will sustain bigger falls. Good quality pads achieve are firm because of the dense structure of the foam itself. Lighter, cheaper mats are firm because they use chemical hardeners which break down quicker, leaving you with a lightweight soft and floppy pad within a few sessions.

You can make your foam last longer by storing it properly and not sleeping/sitting on it, but eventually all foam breaks down. How quickly this happens depends on how often you use it. That doesn't mean you have to buy a complete new pad, many manufacturers sell replacement foam and repair shells.

Have we piqued your interest in foam? Read Pete's High Perfoamance develop post for more.

Now let's take a look at how you'll be getting your bouldering mat to the crag.

Hinged Fold vs Taco Fold

Bouldering mats fold to make them easier to transport to the crag. There are two types of fold available to climbers: Taco and Hinge. I'll explain the pros and cons of both so you can decide which is best for you.

Hinged Bouldering Mats

The foam in these pads is cut in half so that they fold flat when closed, a bit like a book. These pads take up less space in your car, are easier to carry and can be stored folded you're not bending the foam. When you're climbing, hinged pads lie flat on the ground or can be flipped and folded around large rocks in your landing area.

Taco Bouldering Mats

These pads contain continuous sheets of foam with no seams or hinges in the middle, giving you an uninterrupted landing zone. The pad folds in half like a taco when you're transporting it, leaving a space inside where you can stash stuff to carry it to the crag. Taco pads take up more storage space than a hinged pad for the same landing area and should be stored flat.

Hinge and Taco fold pads

Bouldering Pad Comparison: Hinge versus Taco closure
  • Lies flat on the ground.
  • Easily folded around large rocks.
  • Comfortable to carry.
  • Compact to store and transport.
  • Foam less stressed than in Taco.
  • Uninterrupted landing zone.
  • Extra carrying capacity.
  • Carrying straps stay clean.
  • Seam in the middle of the pad.
  • The pad can close around you if you land directly on the hinge.
  • Carrying straps can get dirty.
  • Cumbersome to store and transport.
  • Store open to protect foam.
Examples Mujo, Project Phud, Origin

Hinge or Taco, which one will it be? It is a toughy... For more advice,get in touch and share your pain, we've all been there!

Carrying Your Crash Pad

Rucksack Straps

The heavier the pad, the more support you'll want from your back system. My favourite carry system for a crash pad has rucksack straps and a hip belt to take the strain off your shoulders. The extra support pays dividends on long walk ins.

Shoulder Straps

Smaller full pads might have a single shoulder strap rather than rucksack straps which is really handy for hopping from boulder to boulder (especially on a Font circuits.) It also means you can wear your backpack for the walk-in.

Grab Handles

I love grab handles! They are convenient for carrying the pad between boulders without having to buckle the pad up, as well as moving it around to spot your friend.

Carrying Multiple Crash Pads

Many boulderers take multiple crash pads to the crag with them. The easiest and most comfortable method is to hang one pad over another using a shoulder strap. For advice on using multiple pads, read Ashleigh's Spotlight on bouldering with multiple pads.

Carry multiple pads by hanging one on another (the Phud hanging on the Mujo). A good backpack system makes carrying multiple pads more comfortable.

Bouldering Mat Features

Last bit I promise! These aren't essential, but can make life a bit easier if you're out bouldering a lot.


Ideal for stuff you don't want to stuff inside your pad , I can't count the amount of times I've gotten lost on the way to the crag and realised my guidebook is buried deep in my pad.

Back Support Cover

If you can't remove your rucksack straps, can you cover them up? It's easy to get psyched and throw your pad in a bog only to pay the price on the walk home with a dirty back.

Shoe Wipe

Respect the rock! Some crash pads feature a built-in shoe wipe for when you forget your doormat/tea towel to the crag.

Custom Bouldering Mats

You can't always get what you want off the shelf. Having in-house design and manufacturing facilities means that we can offer a bespoke design service, so whether it is simply a choice of your favourite colour, extra straps, thicker foam or a completely unique mat, just to get in touch!

Ready to boulder?

We are boulderers and climbers, we handmake our own pads so we understand what makes an excellent crash pad. I hope this article has helped you take a step towards finding a pad that is right for you, however if you are still unsure what pad is right for youvisit our stores in Hathersage or Ambleside. Both stores are within a stone's throw of some great bouldering areas.

Have you seen our range of bouldering pads yet? If not, Hebe and Nick will run through the range for you in this video...

Further reading

A few hand selected articles to further help you choose the right pad for you...

High Perfoamance

Read this article for some in-depth foam beta.

Our new bouldering pads

Hebe, our UK-made designer, talks you through how we put together our range of bouldering pads

UK Made by climbers

We have over 10 years of experience making pads, find out more about our design criteria.

Safer Landings for Bouldering Landings

A pad does not give you carte blanche to climb without due care and attention. If you're new to climbing outdoors, read these tips on climbing and falling.

Bouldering with multiple crash pads

More pads are better than one pad! Using multiple pads brings its own challenges, Ashleigh explains what to look out for.

Design your own custom bouldering mats

Got specific needs? We make our pads in the UK so get in touch and we will do our best to help.

Keep your pad going longer

Looking after your bouldering pad, how to replace foam, repair your shell, clean and store it.

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